Submitted to: Experimental Biology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 7, 2006
Publication Date: April 25, 2007
Citation: Exler, J. 2007. Nutrient content and variability in newly obtained salmon data for USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Experimental Biology, April 25, 2007, Washington, D.C.
Because different species, sources, and forms of salmon are now available, we sampled selected salmon products to determine variability of nutrient profiles from those items. Sample units of retail raw wild, raw farmed, and canned salmon were obtained from 12 locations using statistically valid sampling plans previously adopted. In addition, a limited sample of raw wild, smoked, and canned salmon was obtained from Alaska Native (AN) tribal representatives. Sample units were composited by type by laboratory staff at Virginia Tech (a cooperator of USDA’s Nutrient Data Laboratory). Analytical samples and QC materials were analyzed for over 60 nutrients using validated methodology. Results from these analyses show that fat content in raw samples varied from 3.67 g/100g in AN chum to 10.85 g/100g in farmed Atlantic salmon. More than 20% of the Daily Value for calcium is found in 100 g canned salmon solids with bone. Total omega-3 fatty acids ranged from 0.50 g/100g in raw AN chum to a high of 2.02 g/100g in raw wild Atlantic salmon. Data by species, source location, and form for other nutrients will be presented, and are found in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (http://www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata), used to support the combined USDA/NHANES food consumption surveys, food and nutrition policy, and consumer education. Funded by: USDA & NIH Y1CN5010.