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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPACT OF SOIL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ON SOIL BIOCHEMICAL AND CHEMICAL PROCESSES

Location: National Soil Erosion Research Lab

Title: Interrill Erosion on Random and Geometrically Ordered Rough Surfaces

Authors
item Acuna-Guzman, Salvador - PURDUE UNIVERSITY
item Norton, Lloyd

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 15, 2006
Publication Date: September 26, 2006
Citation: Acuna-Guzman, S., Norton, L.D. 2006. Interrill Erosion on Random and Geometrically Ordered Rough Surfaces [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, November 12-16, 2006, Indianapolis, IN. 2006 CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Soil erosion has been studied from different perspectives. This paper presents results interrill erosion for three different potential management practices for farming land, to determine if these may help in controlling soil erosion. Small interrill plots (0.74 m2) were packed with sieved soil and brought to saturation from below for a 24-hour period, and subjected to de-ionized rainfall at a rate of 44 mm h-1 at three different slopes (2, 5 and 10 %). Immediately prior to rainfall a -10-cm tension was applied and rainfall applied until steady state conditions occurred. Samples of runoff were collected at 5-minute intervals. Soil loss was determined gravimetrically and sediment concentration and runoff calculated as a function of time. Three replications for each treatment were performed. In addition to the randomly rough control, the other treatments consisted of a geometrically ordered soil surface roughness (GOSSR). Different slopes and treatments showed a significantly different erosion rate at a P>0.01. Another part of the study consisted in comparing additional treatments at a slope of 5%. Treatments were randomly rough control, GOSSR with slope direction, GOSSR across slope direction and GOSSR across slope direction amended with surface applied anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) at 20 kg ha-1 and gypsum (CaSO4x2H20) at 1000 kg ha-1. Soil loss and erosion rate showed greater values in soils without amendment and were significantly different (P >0.01). Soils without amendment showed also more surface sealing and crusting.

Last Modified: 8/30/2014
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