Title: PSYCHOSOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL MODEL PREDICTING HOME FV AVAILABILITY Authors
|Missaghian, Mariam - BAYLOR COL MED|
Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 13, 2006
Publication Date: July 13, 2006
Citation: Baranowski, T., Missaghian, M., Watson, K. 2006. Psychosocial and behavioral model predicting home FV availability [abstract]. Fifth Conference of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, July 13-16, 2006, Boston, Massachusetts. p. 169. Technical Abstract: Purpose: Fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption has been inversely related with the incidence of several cancers, heart disease, obesity, and other chronic ailments. Children tend to eat more FV when they live in homes with more FV available. Home FV availability is necessarily a function of how the chief food preparer in the home manages the home pantry and their food shopping practices, but little research has appeared on these issues. This presentation reports on the relationship of home FV availability to food shopping practices, home food pantry management practices, outcome expectancies for eating and purchasing FV, and social support for purchasing FV. Methods: A sample of 168 primary food purchasers with at least one child at home were recruited in front of food stores. Interviews were conducted by ensuing telephone calls. Results: Hierarchical regression analyses with backward deletion revealed that after adjusting for demographic characteristics and social desirability of response, social support for purchasing F or V and outcome expectancies for F or V was associated with both home fruit availability and home vegetable availability. Shoppers with larger BMI were more likely to have more vegetables and juice, but not fruit at home. Shopping practices, pantry management practices, frequency of food shopping and comparative outcome expectancies by type of FV were not related to home availability. Conclusions: These relationships need to be confirmed in larger samples and longitudinal designs. Home availability of FV in families with children may be increased by encouraging family social support for FV purchases and promoting outcome expectancies for purchasing FV.