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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Characterization of the Expression and Inheritance of Potato Leafroll Virus (Plrv) and Potato Virus Y (Pvy) Resistance in Three Generations of Germplasm Derived from Solanum Etuberosum

Authors
item Novy, Richard
item Gillen, Anne
item Whitworth, Jonathan

Submitted to: Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 12, 2007
Publication Date: May 1, 2007
Repository URL: http://riley.nal.usda.gov/nal_web/digi/submission.html
Citation: Novy, R.G., Gillen, A.M., Whitworth, J.L. 2007. Characterization of the expression and inheritance of potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and potato virus y (PVY) resistance in three generations of germplasm derived from solanum etuberosum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 114:1161-1172

Interpretive Summary: Unique potato germplasm derived from a wild potato species, Solanum etuberosum, was found to have resistances to potato virus Y (PVY) and potato leafroll virus (PLRV). These two viruses can be very detrimental to potato production and resistances would be beneficial in their control. Both PVY and PLRV resistances were shown to be sexually transmissible across two generations following crossing to cultivated potato. PLRV resistance was successfully transmitted to a third generation of progeny, but PVY resistance was completely lost. This manuscript discusses the mechanisms of PLRV resistance and the inheritance of PLRV and PVY resistances. The findings are beneficial in the effective use of these virus resistances in the development of virus resistant potato cultivars.

Technical Abstract: Potato virus Y (PVY) and potato leafroll virus (PLRV) are two of the most important viral pathogens of potato. Infection of potato by these viruses results in losses of yield and quality in commercial production and in the rejection of seed in certification programs. Host plant resistance to these two viruses was identified in the backcross progeny of a Solanum etuberosum Lindl. somatic hybrid. Multiple years of field evaluations with high virus inoculum and aphid populations have shown the PVY and PLRV resistances of S. etuberosum to be stably expressed in two generations of progeny. However, while PLRV resistance was transmitted and expressed in the third generation of backcrossing to cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. tuberosum), PVY resistance was lost. PLRV resistance appears to be monogenic based on the inheritance of resistance in a BC3 population. Data from a previous evaluation of the BC2 progeny used in this study provides evidence that PLRV resistance was partly conferred by reduced PLRV accumulation in foliage. The field and grafting data presented in this study suggests that resistance to the systemic spread of PLRV from infected foliage to tubers also contributes to the observed resistance from S. etuberosum. The PLRV resistance contributed by S. etuberosum is stably transmitted and expressed through sexual generations and therefore would be useful to potato breeders for the development of PLRV resistant potato cultivars.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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