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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOLOGICALLY BASED WEED MANAGEMENT FOR VEGETABLE CROPS Title: Monogalactosyl-Diglyceride Contents in Sweetpotato Clones

Authors
item Harrison, Howard
item Peterson, Joseph
item Snook, Maurice

Submitted to: HortScience
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 31, 2006
Publication Date: July 15, 2006
Citation: Harrison Jr, H.F., Peterson, J.K., Snook, M.E. 2006. Monogalactosyl-diglyceride contents in sweetpotato clones. HortScience. 41:1046.

Technical Abstract: Bioasssay-guided investigation of constituents possibly contributing to the allelopathic potential of sweetpotato led to the isolation of a nonpolar seed germination inhibitor in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) roots. Mass spectral data supported by HPLC spectroscopic analyses and data obtained from hydrolysis products revealed the presence of three monogalactosyl-diglycerides (MGDGs) (galactosyl-di-linoleneoyl glyceride, galactosyl-linoleneoyl-linoleoyl glyceride, and galactosyl-di-linoleoyl glyceride) in storage roots. The compounds inhibited proso millet germination, and at 100 ppm inhibition was about 90%. MGDG with fully saturated fatty acids (galactosyl-distearoyl glyceride) was not inhibitory in the bioassay. An efficient method for quantitation of individual MGDGs was developed, and the contents of each compound in the storage root tissues of 12 genetically diverse cultivars and breeding lines were determined. On a dry weight basis, total MGDG contents ranged between 107 and 452 µg/g in the periderm, 298 and 807 µg/g in the cortex, and 296 and 755 µg/g in the stele. Also, large differences in the ratios of the three compounds between clones and between tissues within a clone were noted. The differences between clones indicate that manipulating total content and ratios of MGDGs through plant breeding is feasible.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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