USE OF DIVERSE GERMPLASM FOR GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF RICE
Location: Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center
Title: STRAIGHTHEAD WITH FLAG LEAF MACRO- AND MICRO-ELEMENTS IN RICE
| Gibbons, James - UA RREC |
| Cartwright, Richard - UALR |
| Mcnew, Ronnie - UA FAYETTEVILLE |
| Slaton, Nathan - UA FAYETTEVILLE |
Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Branch Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 25, 2005
Publication Date: June 19, 2005
Citation: Yan, W., Gibbons, J.W., Cartwright, R.D., Mcnew, R.W., Slaton, N.A. 2006. Straighthead with flag leaf macro- and micro-elements in rice. American Society of Agronomy Branch Meeting. 2005. CDROM.
Straighthead is a physiological disease of rice resulting in sterile panicles and the exact cause of straighthead is unknown. Nineteen cultivars rated from resistant to susceptible to straighthead were studied in 2004 in 3 environments; clean soil with no straighthead history, monosodium methanearsonate (MSMA) treated soil for inducing straighthead, and a farm field with straighthead history. Correlation was analyzed on cultivar mean derived from 12 observations. Grain yield was greatly reduced (r=-0.6), and maturity was delayed (r=0.5) by straighthead. Severe straighthead was significantly associated with less content of S (r=-0.5) and Cu (r=-0.6) in flag leaves. Other correlations such as straighthead with P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, and B were not significant in this study.