Location: Pest Management and Biocontrol Research
Title: Developing and Evaluating Traps for Monitoring Scirtothrips Dorsalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Authors
|Chu, Chang Chi|
|Ciomperlik, Matthew - APHIS, EDINBURG, TX|
|Chang, Niann-Tai - PINGTUNG UNIV TAIWAN|
|Richards, Marcus - ST VINCENT, WEST INDIES|
Submitted to: Florida Entomologist
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 2, 2005
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Traps were developed for detecting and monitoring chili thrips and verified in St. Vincent and Taiwan. Trap catches were 0.07 and 0.02-0.09 chili thrips per CC trap per week in lemon grove in Taiwan and chili field in St. Vincent, respectively and 19.8 chili thrips per 200 cm2 yellow sticky card per week in chili field in St. Vincent. CC traps can be used for detection of chilli thrips and collecting intact specimen for taxonomic and genetic determinations. Yellow sticky traps can be used for monitoring chili populations.
Technical Abstract: Scirtothrips dorsalis (Hood) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a recently identified invasive pest to the Caribbean, and poses a significant threat to agriculture and trade in the region. Methods are needed to detect the presence and to monitor populations of this pest so that it can be effectively managed. Three different CC trap base colors (blue, yellow and white) with or without dichlorvos as a killing agent, and a newly developed and named the Blue-D trap were studied in Taiwan and St. Vincent for attraction and capture of S. dorsalis. In lemons in Taiwan, mean numbers of S. dorsalis caught in Blue-D traps were greater compared with dichlorvos cube modified CC traps. In St. Vincent chili pepper plantings, the Blue-D traps caught more Thrips palmi (Karny), Frankliniella sp., and Microcephalothrips abdominalis (Crawford) than dichlorvos cube modified CC traps. More Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom), Megalurothrips usitatus (Bagnall), T. palmi, Frankliniella sp., and M. abdominalis were caught in blue and white base CC traps than yellow base CC traps. Average captures per CC trap per week were 0.07 and 0.02-0.09 S. dorsalis in Taiwan and St. Vincent, respectively. There were no differences in S. dorsalis captures in white, blue or yellow base CC traps. The average weekly S. dorsalis catch for yellow sticky card traps was 19.8. CC traps can be used for detection of S. dorsali and collecting intact S. dorsalis for taxonomic and genetic determinations when a few of the species are found in a large commercial production area. Yellow sticky traps can be used for monitoring S. dorsalis populations. A combination detecting system of visual observation, yellow sticky traps and CC traps may be an effective S. dorsalis population detecting and monitoring system.