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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPMENT & MAINTENANCE OF FLAVOR & SHELF-LIFE IN PEANUTS THROUGH IMPROVED HANDLING, PROCESSING AND USE OF GENETIC RESOURCES

Location: Market Quality and Handling Research

Title: Registration of 'phillips' Peanut

Authors
item Isleib, Tom - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Rice, P - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Moxingo, R - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Copeland, S - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Graeber, J - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Pattee, Harold - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Sanders, Timothy

Submitted to: Invention Report
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: December 18, 2005
Publication Date: March 6, 2006
Citation: Isleib, T.G., Rice, P.W., Moxingo, R.W., Copeland, S.C., Graeber, J.B., Pattee, H., Sanders, T.H. 2006. Registration of 'phillips' peanut. Invention Report. 12-0491.

Technical Abstract: ‘Phillips’ is a large-seeded Virginia-type peanut (Archis hypogaea L. subsp. hypogaea var. hypogaea) cultivar with a high yield of bright fancy pods and the cultivar processing alternate branching pattern, intermediate runner growth habit, medium green foliage, large seeds with tan testa averaging 835 mg seed-1, approximately 34% jumbo pods and 45% fancy pods. Phillips is an F5-derived line selected from a cross between two early maturing NCSU breeding lines. A standard Virginia type, Phillips had similar pod yield and fancy pod content but greater jumbo pod content, jumbo pod brightness, fancy pod brightness, average pod brightness, extra large kernel (ELK) content, sound mature kernel content, and meat content, and crop value at federal support price. Adjusted to common values of roast color and fruity attribute, intensity of the roasted peanut attribute of flavor in Phillips was not different from that in NC 7 (3.36 vs. 3.54 flavor intensity units), the flavor standard for the Virginia market-type, but intensity of the sweet attribute was higher (3.45 vs. 2.70 fiu, and that of the bitter attribute lower 2.30 vs. 2.73 fiu. Phillips is adapted to the Virginia-Carolina peanut production area but also has performed well in the southeastern US production area including Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.

Last Modified: 4/15/2014
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