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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


item Entz, M - UNKNOWN
item Bellotti, W - UNKNOWN
item Powell, J Mark
item Angadi, S - UNKNOWN
item Chen, W - UNKNOWN
item Ominski, K - UNKNOWN
item Boelt, B - UNKNOWN

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: December 15, 2004
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Changes in integrated crop-livestock systems were explored for several regions of the world. The evolution of integrated crop-livestock systems was explained using a "state and transition" model. It was concluded that many factors contribute to changes in the crop-livestock systems, and that no logical end-point in the evolution process exists. While benefits of integrated crop-livestock systems over specialized crop and livestock systems are well documented (and recorded here), there has been a move to specialized crop and livestock production. However, sustainability issues (manure nutrient concentration, soil quality maintenance, salinity, herbicide resistance, economic instability) have created renewed interest in integrated crop-livestock systems. The concept of crop-livestock integration at a regional scale (area-wide integration) was explored and examples from heavily and lightly populated regions were presented. Farmer adaptability was presented as an important link in the evolution between "states of integration".

Last Modified: 11/27/2015
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