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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: First Year Response to Summer Fire and Post-Fire Grazing Effects in Northern Mixed Prairie

Authors
item Vermeire, Lance
item Crowder, Jessica
item Wester, David - TEXAS TECH UNIV

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 15, 2005
Publication Date: August 1, 2005
Citation: Vermeire, L.T., Rose, J.L., Wester, D.B. 2005. First year response to summer fire and post-fire grazing effects in northern mixed prairie. Meeting Abstract Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, Bartlesville, OK, #58.

Technical Abstract: Summer wildfire is a common occurrence in the northern mixed prairie. Two-year deferment from grazing is generally recommended following wildfire. However, little research has been conducted to determine whether deferment is necessary for vegetative recovery. Research objectives were to determine if summer fire and post-fire grazing at different utilization levels would affect standing crop, current-year biomass, and species composition. Five treatments were applied to 20, 0.75-ha plots near Miles City, MT, with four replications of each treatment. Treatments were no burn + no graze; burn + 0% utilization; burn + 17% utilization; burn + 34% utilization; and burn + 50% utilization. Fire was applied August 29, 2003 and grazing treatments were applied late June through early July 2004. Current-year biomass was similar between burned and unburned plots for herbaceous components. Total standing crop and current-year biomass were each similar among utilization levels. Fire decreased threadleaf sedge and needle-and-thread by 106 and 136 kg ha-1, respectively. Annual bromes and fringed sage were minor components, but reduced by fire as well. Western wheatgrass, other cool-season perennial grasses, and forbs were unaffected by fire. Warm-season perennial grasses, predominantly blue grama, were reduced 156 kg ha-1 by fire and decreased linearly with increasing utilization. Early results indicate that summer fire and grazing may alter species composition, but do not reduce current-year biomass across species during a drought year.

Last Modified: 8/1/2014
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