Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 1, 2002
Publication Date: April 1, 2006
Citation: Christen, E., Ayars, J.E., Hornbuckle, J., Biswas, T. 2006. Chapter 6 design and management of reclaimed water irrigation systems. Australian Journal of Soil Research, Chapter 6, pp 107-123. Interpretive Summary: As the demand municipal and industrial water increases, there will be less water available for irrigated agriculture. The use of water supplies such as saline drainage water and reclaimed municipal waste water are viable alternatives. These alternative water supplies each have limitations when used in irrigated agriculture. This chapter is part of book that describes in detail the use of reclaimed water in irrigated agriculture under conditions found in Australia. This chapter discusses the selection of an irrigation system for application of reclaimed water in relation to the soils, water quality, and cropping pattern. It details the pros and cons of each system. While sprinkler irrigation and surface irrigation can be used to apply reclaimed water the potential for harm to crops and humans is greater than in drip irrigation. Drip irrigation is the preferred method of application if high value crops can be grown and the water quality of the reclaimed water does not result in excessive operation costs. Crops with a sustained demand for water are desirable if continuous disposal of water is required.