Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: ECOLOGICALLY-BASED IPM IN COTTON

Author
item SPURGEON, DALE

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: October 7, 2005
Publication Date: January 15, 2007
Citation: Spurgeon, D.W. 2007. Ecologically-based IPM in cotton. In: Koul, O., Cuperus, G.W., editors. Ecologically-Based Integrated Pest Management. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. p. 367-405.

Interpretive Summary: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the harmonious combination of cultural, physical, chemical, and biological pest control tactics into a management system or strategy in order to maximize economic returns while minimizing adverse ecological impacts. For decades it has been widely recognized that IPM provides a conceptual framework for the development of effective, ecologically-safe pest control in cotton. Still, differences in opinion regarding the proper form of IPM, pest management goals that are ambiguous or incompatible with other aspects of cotton production, and limitations imposed by the biological complexity of agricultural systems have limited progress in developing truly integrated management systems. This chapter reviews the conceptual forms of IPM, the constraints to its development and adoption, and the characteristics of ecologically-based pest management tactics or strategies using case studies for illustration. In addition, important recent developments that are changing the nature of cotton production and its associated pest problems are discussed. Finally, a strategy is proposed to advance the practice of IPM based on identified knowledge gaps and the need to accommodate the previously mentioned constraints.

Technical Abstract: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the harmonious combination of cultural, physical, chemical, and biological pest control tactics into a management system or strategy in order to maximize economic returns while minimizing adverse ecological impacts. For decades it has been widely recognized that IPM provides a conceptual framework for the development of effective, ecologically-safe pest control in cotton. Still, differences in opinion regarding the proper form of IPM, pest management goals that are ambiguous or incompatible with other aspects of cotton production, and limitations imposed by the biological complexity of agricultural systems have limited progress in developing truly integrated management systems. This chapter reviews the conceptual forms of IPM, the constraints to its development and adoption, and the characteristics of ecologically-based pest management tactics or strategies using case studies for illustration. In addition, important recent developments that are changing the nature of cotton production and its associated pest problems are discussed. Finally, a strategy is proposed to advance the practice of IPM based on identified knowledge gaps and the need to accommodate the previously mentioned constraints.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page