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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Physiological Genomics of Cotton Fiber Development

Authors
item Payton, Paxton
item Taliercio, Earl
item Dowd, Scot
item Chen, Z Jeffery - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Allen, Randy - TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 26, 2003
Publication Date: January 20, 2004
Citation: Payton, P.R., Taliercio, E.W., Dowd, S.E., Chen, Z., Allen, R.D. 2004. Physiological genomics of cotton fiber development [abstract]. Plant and Animal Genome XII Conference.

Interpretive Summary: No summary required.

Technical Abstract: Cotton fiber yield and quality is affected by environmental, physiological, and developmental changes. We have formed a genomics consortium to study stress physiology and fiber development. The consortium has generated stress-induced, fiber-, stem-, ovule-, and boll-specific libraries that are potentially enriched in sequences not present in the public EST collection. To date, we have generated approximately 24,500 ESTs. Initial analysis of a subset of 2,229 unigenes from drought-stressed bolls, shows over 14% have no match in the databases and almost one-third of these sequences are not found in current cotton fiber EST collections. Our goals are to (1) develop cotton microarrays using ~10,000 unigene ESTs and cDNA sequences; (2) determine transcriptome changes of cotton plants under drought and cold stress; (3) determine genes and pathways involved in partitioning photoassimilate between agronomically irrelevent storage tissues and agronomically important reproductive tissues during fiber development, and (4) develop ESTs in immature ovules for mechanistic studies on fiber cell differentiation. Progress toward these goals and the development of a unigene set for array analysis will be reported at this meeting.

Last Modified: 11/22/2014
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