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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Review and Summation of Lint Cleaners for Cotton Gins

Authors
item Mangialardi, Jr, Gino - AGRICULTURAL ENG RETIRED
item Anthony, William

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Educational Brochure
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: April 11, 2003
Publication Date: October 7, 2003
Citation: Mangialardi, Jr, G.J., Anthony, W.S. 2003. Review and summation of lint cleaners for cotton gins. National Cotton Council Educational Brochure. 65 p.

Interpretive Summary: Many lint cleaner designs have been used to clean lint cotton at cotton gins since the late 1940's. However, these various lint cleaning systems offer varying levels of cleaning and fiber quality and ginners can not easily balance these factors against the needs of their gins. In order to help resolve this problem, this paper compiles the significant lint cleaner developments and research conducted on the cleaning of lint cotton at cotton gins since 1947. It describes how the various systems use combinations of cleaning factors to satisfactorily clean cotton. The information and appraisal of the available systems should prove helpful to engineers planning new designs and to gin owners in selecting lint cleaners for their gins.

Technical Abstract: This paper reviews gin lint cleaner designs and compiles most of the significant research conducted on the cleaning of lint cotton at gins since about 1947. It describes the operation of various types and models of lint cleaners and gives a critical appraisal of lint cleaner designs and settings that may be useful at current cotton gins. These include the standard saw-type lint cleaner, air-type cleaners, a dual-saw cleaner, battery and split-stream cleaning, multiple-stage lint cleaners, a rolling feedbar cleaner, the Sentinel no-batt lint cleaner, and the Guardian textile-type lint cleaner with condenser. The compiled information and recommendations should prove useful to scientists planning future gin cleaning studies, and to engineers selecting lint cleaner designs and types for commercial gins. It also provides a reference for ideas on new designs of lint cleaners.

Last Modified: 12/17/2014
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