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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Aphids

Author
item Campbell, Larry

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2003
Publication Date: February 1, 2005
Citation: Campbell, L.G. 2005. Aphids. In: Biancardi, E., Campbell, L.G., Skaracis, G.N., and De Biaggi, M. Genetics and Breeding of Sugar Beet. Enfield, New Hampshire, Science Publishers, Inc. p. 111-112.

Interpretive Summary: The green peach aphid and the bean aphid are recognized as serious pests of sugarbeet. The bean aphid is capable of causing yield loss due to direct feeding; however, the ability of both species to transmit viruses is the primary concern in most instances. Aphid resistant sugarbeet varieties offer an attractive method that would provide an alternative to the introduction of new chemical insecticides followed by the development of insecticide-insensitive aphid strains, that occurs frequent. This report reviews past and current research in the development of aphid resistant parental lines and discusses their effectiveness in controlling the incidence and severity of the virus diseases carried by the green peach aphid and the bean aphid. Root aphids are a widespread pest of sugarbeet in North America and also occur in parts of Europe. Root aphids colonize sugarbeet roots, reducing both size and quality of the crop. Root aphid resistant sugarbeet varieties are available and the development of additional resistant parental lines should be routine. Due to an absence of reliable insecticides, resistance is a primary control for root aphids in sugarbeet.

Technical Abstract: The green peach aphid (Myzus persicae Sulzer) and the bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scopoli) are recognized as serious pests of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.). The bean aphid is capable of causing yield loss due to direct feeding; however, the ability of both species to transmit viruses (beet yellows, beet western yellows, beet mosaic, and beet mild yellows) is the primary concern in most instances. Aphid resistant sugarbeet cultivars offer an attractive control method that would provide an alternative to the introduction of new chemical insecticides followed by the development of insecticide-insensitive aphid strains, that occurs frequent. This report reviews past and current research in the development of aphid resistant lines and discusses their effectiveness in controlling the incidence and severity of the virus diseases carried by the green peach aphid and the bean aphid. Root aphids (Pemphigus spp.) are a widespread pest of sugarbeet in North America and also occur in parts of Europe. Root aphids colonize sugarbeet roots, reducing both size and quality of the crop. Root aphid resistant sugarbeet cultivars are available and the development of additional resistant parental lines should be routine. Due to an absence of reliable insecticides, resistance is a primary control for root aphids in sugarbeet.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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