|Leonard, Kurt - RETIRED ARS EMPLOYEE|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 15, 2002
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Few plant diseases in modern times have been as devastating as Fusarium head blight of wheat and barley (sometimes called "scab"), which re-emerged in the mid 1990s in the Midwestern U.S. and elsewhere in the world. Although the disease has been known for many years, there has never been an effort to gather together research results on the disease into a single reference source. This book contains 18 chapters by world authorities on all aspects of the disease from the fungus pathogens that cause the disease and the intimate interaction between the pathogens and wheat and barley heads, to resulting damage to grain. Included are chapters on toxins produced in "scabby" grain that can make animals sick. This book will be widely used for reference by research scientists investigating Fusarium head blight and by students in Universities learning about diseases of crop plants.
Technical Abstract: Fusarium head blight re-emerged in the 1990s as a devastating disease of wheat and barley in the mid-western United States. Few diseases of modern times have been so severe. This book contains a comprehensive compilation of scientific knowledge of the disease. Included are 18 chapters by world authorities on diverse aspects of the disease. Chapters are included on the history of the disease, the fungal pathogens that cause the disease, infection processes and defense response of the plant to infection, mycotoxins that accumulate in diseased grain, sources of genetic resistance available for wheat and barley breeders, and strategies involving chemical and biological controls. This book serves as a useful reference for research scientists and for advanced students in plant pathology.