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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Fresh Versus Field-Cured Grass Quality and Nitrate Concentration at Different Nitrogen Rates

Author
item Singer, Jeremy

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 14, 2002
Publication Date: November 14, 2002
Citation: SINGER, J.W. FRESH VERSUS FIELD-CURED GRASS QUALITY AND NITRATE CONCENTRATION AT DIFFERENT NITROGEN RATES. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY MEETINGS. 2002. CD-ROM. MADISON, WI.

Technical Abstract: Determining the extent of change in fresh versus field-cured grass hay quality and NO3-N concentrations under rain-free conditions provides valuable information to hay producers. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the effect of fresh vs. field-cured forage on crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), total digestible nutrients (TDN), and NO3-N concentrations of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.), and timothy (Phleum pratense L.), and to determine if interactions with N rate exist. At the low N rate in 1999 and 2000, orchardgrass CP in fresh and field-cured forage, NDF, and TDN concentrations were different. Tissue NO3-N concentration was greater in field-cured orchardgrass at all N rates and at the low N rate in smooth bromegrass in 1999. Interactions between N rate and fresh vs. field-cured smooth bromegrass were detected for all variables in 1999. Our results demonstrate that changes in grass quality and tissue NO3-N concentrations occur under rain-free field curing conditions. Consequently, forage scientists conducting research on grass hay quality indices should sample subsequent to field-curing to provide accurate results.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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