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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Immunological Features of Serotype 1 Marek's Disease Virus Vaccines

Authors
item Gimeno, Isabel
item Witter, Richard
item Hunt, Henry
item Reed, Willie - MICHIGAN STATE UNIV

Submitted to: American Veterinary Medical Association Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 13, 2002
Publication Date: December 31, 2002
Citation: Gimeno, I.M., Witter, R.L., Hunt, H.D., Reed, W.M. 2002. Immunological features of serotype 1 marek's disease virus vaccines [abstract]. American Veterinary Medical Association. p. 19.

Technical Abstract: In an attempt to evaluate immunological parameters that might be related with level of protection against Marek's disease, the immune responses induced by eight serotype 1 Marek's disease virus vaccines conferring different levels of protection have been characterized. A chronological study of several immunological parameters including natural killer activity, frequency of different lymphocyte subsets and expression of major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) class I and class II antigens was conducted. Compared to other vaccines, vaccines conferring the highest level of protection seemed to induce an earlier activation of the immune system (i.e. activation of T cells measured by the level of Mhc-II antigen expression, expansion of T cells CD4+ and greater natural killer cell activity). Pathogenic strains of serotype 1 MDV also induced early activation of the immune system. However, in contrast to vaccine strains, pathogenic viruses significantly reduced the level of both B cells and Mhc-II+ T cells by 7 days post inoculation due to a strong cytolytic infection of these cell types. Application of these findings in evaluating vaccine strains will be discussed.

Last Modified: 12/20/2014
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