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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Selection for Tolerance to Early Foliar Decline in Pima Cotton

Authors
item Percy, Richard
item Moser, Hal - U OF AZ, MARICOPA
item Hutmacher, R - U OF CA, SHAFTER
item Wright, S - U OF CA, VISALIA

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2001
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: In recent years a phenomenon variously referred to as bronzing, bronze wilt, or early foliar decline (EFD) has occurred in Pima cotton in the San Joaquin valley, CA where it has been implicated in yield and fiber quality losses. A project was begun in 1998 with the objectives of determining the heritability of tolerance to EFD, demonstrating the relationship between EFD severity and plant maturity, and creating earlier, tolerant germplasm. In 1998, 100 individual plants from Buttonwillow, CA. In 1999, F3 progeny of the individual plant selections were grown and evaluated for EFD in small plots at Buttonwillow and Tulare, CA. Replicated trials of F4 progeny were conducted at the above locations in 2000, and evaluated for EFD, maturity, lint yield, and fiber quality. At Tulare, EFD ratings among F4 lines of the three populations were negatively correlated with nodes above bloom counts, plant heights, and yield. At Buttonwillow where EFD expression occurred later in the season, EFD ratings correlated negatively with plant height and yield in two of the three populations. Fiber micronaire was negatively associated with EFD severity in all populations at Tulare, as was fiber elongation in two populations. Fiber strength was negatively correlated with EFD in one population at both locations. The heritability of EFD expression between individual plants and individual progeny rows of the Fl and F3 generations was low, and did not improve appreciably between the F3 and F4 generation progeny. Heritability of EFD expression within lines of the F4 generation, as measured by variance component estimates, was quite high. Moderate gains were made in identifying EFD tolerance within earlier maturing lines.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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