Submitted to: Diseases of Poultry
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2001
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Not required.
Technical Abstract: Motile Salmonella serotypes are often referred to as paratyphoid (PT) salmonellae. Found throughout the world, these organisms can infect a very wide variety of hosts (including wild animals, domestic animals, and humans), in some instances resulting in relatively asymptomatic intestinal carriage and in other instances producing clinical disease. First reported in avian species in 1895 in an outbreak of infectious enteritis in pigeons PT infections have long been known to cause significant disease losses in young poultry. More recently, PT salmonellae have additionally been the subject of intensified interest as agents of food-borne disease in humans. Advances in poultry production practices, changes in consumer lifestyles and preferences, and heightened nutritional awareness have all combined to make poultry products a leading source of animal protein for much of the world. Contaminated poultry meat and eggs have consistently been among the most frequently implicated sources of human Salmonella outbreaks. Controlling PT infections in poultry flocks has thus become an important objective from both the economic and public health perspectives.