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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Enrichment of Proteins from Milled Soybean Hulls by Air Classification

Authors
item Sessa, David
item Wu, Ying Victor
item Wolf, Walter

Submitted to: American Association of Cereal Chemists Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 30, 2001
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Soybean hulls contain peroxidase, an enzyme used in the European bread baking industry as a replacement for potassium bromate. Hulls contain a low percentage of nitrogen where fiber and carbohydrates are the major components. Our objective was to determine whether air classification of milled hulls can be used to fractionate and enrich peroxidase. Hulls were milled either one or three times at 18,000 rpm with an Alpine pin mill followed by air classification to yield 5 fractions with particle size distributions:<15 micrometers (um), 15-18 um, 18-24 um, 24-30 um, and >30 um. Protein shift for one passage at 18,000 was 38 percent whereas that for three passages it was 47 percent. For each grinding and classification, nitrogen was concentrated in the first three fractions. Assays for aqueous extracts of all 10 fractions showed that peroxidase resides mainly in the coarser, high carbohydrate fractions from 18 to >30 um. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated an abundance of protein bodies in both the <15 and 15-18 um fractions, concentration of hour glass cells in the 18-24 um fraction, and a composite of partially disintegrated palisade cells, hour glass cells, parenchyma cells and aleurone cells in the latter two fractions. Peroxidase, as previously claimed in the literature, is associated with the hourglass cells which appear to be concentrated in the latter three coarse fractions.

Last Modified: 12/28/2014
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