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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Plant Growth Effects by Humic Substances

Authors
item Clapp, Charles
item Chen, Y - HEBREW UNIV. OF JERUSALEM
item Palazzo, A - USACOE
item White, D - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Dowdy, Robert
item Cline, V - TORO COMPANY
item Hayes, Mhb - UNIVERSITY OF LIMERICK
item Lee, D - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

Submitted to: Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 5, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Humic substances (HS) under conditions of adequate mineral nutrition, consistently show stimulation of plant growth in nutrient solutions. Root growth was usually more apparent than stimulation of shoot growth. Typical response curves showed enhanced growth with increasing nutrient and HS concentrations, followed by a decrease in growth at high concentrations. Shoots generally showed similar trends in growth response to HS. Addition of HS was found to stimulate growth beyond that provided by mineral nutrients, presumably because of the effects of humic (HA) and fulvic (FA) acids. Plant growth experiments were carried out on turfgrasses and agricultural crops (corn and soybean). The addition of HAs or FAs alone did not result in growth enhancement or a remedy of the Fe deficiency. However, addition of Fe, and either HAs or FAs resulted in healthy, chlorophyll-rich plants and enhanced growth, thereby proving that improved Fe availability is a major mechanism of plant growth stimulation by HS. The feasibility and impact of HS utilization in agriculture and horticulture will be presented.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014