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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Aluminum Tolerance in Medicago Sativa and Medicago Truncatula

Authors
item Samac, Deborah
item Gebeyaw, Mesfin - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Fedorova, Maria - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Allan, Deborah - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Vance, Carroll

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 19, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Acid soils are a severe impediment to the growth of crops in many areas of the world. Under low pH conditions, aluminum (Al) in soil becomes soluble and phytotoxic. Plants suffering from Al toxicity have reduced capacity for water and nutrient uptake, and significantly reduced yields. Engineering plants for synthesis and secretion of organic acids from roots is a highly promising strategy for conferring Al tolerance. Organic acids chelate Al, blocking uptake by plants. We generated transgenic M. sativa plants over- expressing enzymes for organic acid accumulation and exudation, including phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and a unique form of malate dehydrogenase (MDH). Selected lines with enhanced enzyme activity synthesized increased amounts of malate and acidified the medium around growing root tips. Root growth of these lines in 50 æM Al3+ was 3.2 to 4.7-fold greater than root growth of wild type plants. Moreover, transgenic plants tolerated hydroponic solutions containing up to 100 uM Al3+, which completely inhibited root growth of control plants. Microarrays of Medicago truncatula expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were used to identify alterations in gene expression and the metabolic consequences of overexpression of genes for organic acid synthesis. ESTs putatively associated with aluminum tolerance will also be described.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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