Submitted to: International Cotton Advisory Committee Recorder
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: October 25, 1999
Publication Date: November 25, 1999
Citation: Anthony, W.S. 1999. Advances in cotton ginning. International Cotton Advisory Committee Recorder. pp. 35-39. Interpretive Summary: Review article. No Interpretive Summary.
Technical Abstract: The quality of ginned lint can be dramatically improved with recent technology developed by the Cotton Ginning Research Laboratory (CGRL) of the USDA and others. These improvements in fiber quality, neps, seedcoat fragments, mill waste, and the bale package are sufficient to meet many of the current textile industry demands. Many years of ginning research have consistently demonstrated the impact of each ginning machine on the fiber quality parameters of numerous varieties of cotton as measured by the existing cotton classification system as well as other parameters that are very important to the textile industry. The impact of the moisture content while ginning and cleaning cotton has also consistently illustrated its effect on fiber qualities. New lint cleaning technology has also been developed to reduce fiber damage and fiber loss during gin processing, and to increase farmer profits substantially. A computerized gin process control system (CGPCS) is now available to utilize this information to optimize drying and cleaning. Farmer profits are also increased over $20 per bale. New technologies are also available to reduce the energy necessary to package bales and to easily repair damaged bales. Stickiness can also be detected automatically and online during ginning.