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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Fiber Quality Characteristics of Process Control-Type Cotton

Author
item Anthony, William

Submitted to: American Society of Agricultural Engineers Meetings Papers
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 18, 1999
Publication Date: July 18, 1999
Citation: Anthony, W.S. 1999. Fiber quality characteristics of process control-type cotton. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Meetings Papers. Paper Number: 991122, 13 pp.

Interpretive Summary: Technology to control the ginning process and to "prescription gin" cotton based on its merits and industry needs is available. However, only a few textile mills take advantage of the new technology. This study was conducted to provide one commercial mill with sufficient quantities of cotton ginned in a "prescription" manner for them to establish its value. Successful processing of these cottons by a commercial mill will provide adequate data for the mill to endorse and to take advantage of the new gin technology. Improved mill efficiency and yarn quality, and reduced costs should result.

Technical Abstract: Cotton representative of that produced from gins equipped with computerized process control systems was ginned for subsequent evaluation by a commercial textile mill. Fiber quality factors after ginning such as color, foreign matter content, fiber length distribution, neps, seed coat fragments and fiber waste were established. Neps, short fiber content, foreign matter and other factors differed by about 40% as a result of the ginning treatments. Farmer profits differed by $14 per bale. Ginning results are presented herein and represent a wide range of variables of importance to textile processing. Mill results will be published in a subsequent report.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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