Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Metarhizium Anisoplaie As a Biocontrol Agent for Sugarbeet Root Maggot.

Authors
item Campbell, Larry
item Smith, Garry - USDA GM15 RETIRED
item Eide, John
item Smith, Larry - NW EXPERIMENT STATION

Submitted to: American Society of Sugarbeet Technologists
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 22, 1999
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Only a few insecticides are available for controlling the sugarbeet root maggot (Tetanops myopaeformis). These could become less effective because of the development of resistant root maggot strains or become unavailable because of environmental concerns. An effective biocontrol agent would provide an alternative and, perhaps, more consistent control method. Laboratory results and a 1995 field trial prompted further testing of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizuim anisoplaie. Metarhizium inoculum was prepared by culturing the fungus on heat-killed barley. The inoculated barley was spread evenly over field plots in the fall proceeding the sugarbeet crop, in the spring prior to planting, or both in the fall and spring. Root yields ranged from 49.5 Mg ha-1 when no insecticide was applied to 59.2 Mg ha-1 when Lorsban (chlorpyrifos) was used to control maggots. The fall, spring, and fall plus spring applications of Metarhizium yielded 51.5, 50.9, and 58.9 Mg ha-1, respectively, at Crookston in 1996. The 1997 trials included the same three Metarhizium treatments with an additional application of Metarhizium in the spring of 1996 (prior to planting barley). Root yields for the Metarhizium treatments ranged from 51.4 to 57.5 Mg ha-1, compared to 57.6 Mg ha-1 when Lorsban was applied and 48.7 Mg ha-1 in the absence of maggot control in 1997. Yield differences between treatments were not significant in 1998 because of reduced root maggot pressure, but appeared to follow the pattern observed in the 1996 and 1997 trials. Results have been encouraging; however, additional information on application rates/timing, formulations, and the effectiveness of Metarhizium in more environments will be required

Last Modified: 7/23/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page