Submitted to: Society of Nematologists Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 24, 1998
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Two gene constructs were inserted separately into cotton cv. Coker 12 via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The first (construct A) combined the NRE (nematode response element) from the root-specific TobRB7 tobacco gene with an attenuated barnase (cell toxin) coding region. The second (construct B) combined the NRE promoter with antisense of a cotton homologue of an abundant tobacco aquaporin regulating cell volume. The strategy for achieving nematode resistence with both constructs was dysfunction or autolysis of the giant cells in nematode feeding sites in roots. Plantlets were confirmed transgenic by PCR and tested for nematode resistance in growth chambers (26-30 deg C) by transplanting to 500-cm3 pots containing a 6:1 (v:v) mixture of sand and vermiculite, inoculating with 1,000 Meloidogyne incognita juveniles per pot, and extracting nematode eggs from roots 60 days later. GUS reporter gene indicated NRE was expressed in cotton roots. Several promising cell lines with construct A or B were identified and true seedlings are being tested against M. incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis.