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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY IN CORN GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, INSECT PRESSURE, AND YIELD

Authors
item KARLEN, DOUGLAS
item Andrews, Susan
item Colvin, Thomas
item JAYNES, DAN
item Berry, Edward - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: International Conference on Precision Agriculture Abstracts & Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 22, 1998
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: To identify critical site-specific factors affecting crop production within a 16 ha central Iowa field, we quantified the spatial and temporal variability in corn (Zea mays L.) emergence and growth, insect pressure and damage, extractable soil nutrient levels, yield, and yield components. Principal components, simple correlation, and stepwise regression analyses were used to examine relationships among the various parameters. Spatial soil-test patterns were examined by overlaying data layers with a geographical information system. Analysis of data from 40 microplots showed that soil water content 10-d after planting, total organic C, and total organic N accounted for 21% of the variance. Data from individual plants within each microplot showed that early emergence and total soil N content accounted for 23% of the variance. Soil acidity may be a factor that can be corrected by site specific management, but water management and erosion control appear more important than variable fertilization.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
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