Submitted to: University of California Publications in Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 7, 1998
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Caterpillars (larvae) of small moths attack a wide variety of crops in the U.S. and elsewhere around the world. Identification of larvae intercepted at U.S. ports or detected in agricultural situations is difficult owing to the paucity of published descriptions and illustrations. One of the most poorly known groups in terms of the early stages is the tortricid tribe Euliini, despite the fact that the tribe includes pests of grapes, citrus, kiwi fruit, and pome fruits in many part of the New World tropics. This paper revises the euliine genus Anopina and describes 45 new species. It presents the first descriptions and illustrations of larvae of the genus (the larvae of 8 species are known). The discussions and illustrations of larval morphology will provide those involved in pest detection with new insight into characters of value for determining species in the tribe Euliini.
The New World genus Anopina Obraztsov, 1962, is revised. The genus ranges from southern Canada to Costa Rica, with the greatest species richness in the higher elevations of Mexico. Sixty-two species are treated, 45 of which are described as new. An hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships of the species is provided and a classification is proposed. Twelve monophyletic species groups are recognized: A) Triangulana Group (13 species); B) Hilasma Group (2 species); C) Anotera Group (9 species); D) Parasema Group (3 species); E) Macrospinana Group (2 species); F) Chelatana Group (4 species); G) Incana Group (7 species); H) Confusa Group (4 species); I) Meredithi Group (2 species); J) Undata Group (1 species); K) Potosienses Group (3 species); and L) Silvertonana Group (7 species). Male and female genitalia are illustrated for each species, where known; 22 species are represented by a single sex (1 from only females and 21 from monly males). Larvae of Anopina are suspected to be leaf-litter feeders. Larvae of eight species are known; descriptions and a key are provided for these.