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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Carbon and Energy in N2 Fixation

Authors
item Vance, Carroll
item Trepp, Gian - SWISS FEDERAL TECHNICAL
item Miller, Susan - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Driscoll, B - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Yoshioka, H - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Gantt, J - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

Submitted to: Nitrogen Fixation International Congress
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 10, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Plant carbon metabolism for N2 fixation in legume nodules has evolved a number of exquisite adaptations to function in an O2 limited environment. Foremost among these is the synthesis of copious amounts of malic acid, which is synthesized from the coordinated expression of three key enzymes: sucrose synthase (SS); phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC); and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). Although the cellular expression patterns for these proteins and mRNAs are not well defined, recent data suggest that uninfected cells play a significant role in carbon and energy metabolism. We have isolated and characterized alfalfa root nodule cDNAs encoding nodule enhanced forms of each of these enzymes. Moreover, cellular distribution patterns of mRNAs for these genes have been mapped in nodules through in situ hybridization. A promoter element capable of forming H DNA may be critical for regulating expression of PEPC in the infected cell zone. Lastly, of the five distinct MDH cDNAs isolated from nodules, one unique form has highly enhanced expression in effective nodules and has extremely high efficiency for malate formation. Funding source: USDA/NRI 94-37305-0575 and NSF/IBN 9206890.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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