|Connick Jr, William|
|Quimby Jr, Paul|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: June 27, 1997
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Chemical pesticides are used extensively for pest reduction. However, this use is perceived to have external costs such as environmental contamination, off site effects and food safety concerns. Pesticides based on microorganisms are currently under commercial development, but there are very few examples of successful products on the market. One reason for this is the lack of formulations that are acceptable to the user. This review attempts to synthesize information related to formulations of microbial herbicides and insecticides. A literature review was conducted and relevant citations related to formulations currently on the market and in development were included. We pointed out that it is imperative for communication to occur among scientists from disciplines including entomology, weed science, chemistry, chemical engineering, microbiology, and others for successful progress in this very challenging subject. Similarly, interactions must occur between public sector scientists where a lot of discovery work is conducted and private sector scientists more involved with development and practical aspects of on-farm usage of microbial pesticides.