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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Reactivation of Pseudorabies Virus from Latently Infected Trigeminal Ganglia of Swine by Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Icp-0

Authors
item Smith, Teresa
item Cheung, Andrew

Submitted to: Herpesvirus International Workshop
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 2, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Reactivation of pseudorabies virus (PrV) from latency may occur spontaneously or after induction with corticosteroids. The mechanisms involved in the establishment of latency and reactivation are currently unknown. Here, we have examined gene-specific reactivation of PrV by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) immediate early protein, ICP-0. Primary neuronal cell cultures established from the trigeminal ganglia of latently infected swine were superinfected with recombinant adenoviruses expressing ICP-0. Reactivation of PrV occurred in cultures that were superinfected with two different ICP-0-expressing adenovirus recombinants, but not in cultures that were either mock-infected, or superinfected with wild-type adenovirus, or recombinant adenoviruses not expressing ICP-0. Infectious PrV was detected between 4 and 7 days postinfection, regardless of the promoter driving expression of ICP-0. Results from these experiments show that ICP-0 functioned in a heterologous system to induce reactivation of latent PrV, a natural biological phenomenon.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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