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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Attraction of Tobacco Budworm Moths to Jaggery, a Palm Sugar Extract

Authors
item Landolt, Peter
item Mitchell, Everett

Submitted to: Florida Entomologist
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 18, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Research is being conducted to develop safe and effective methods to replace the use of environmentally hazardous pesticides for the control of insect pests of field and vegetable crops at the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology in Gainesville, Florida, the behavior of pest species of moths is studied to discover and develop new and safe ways to reduce their populations on agricultural crops. The tobacco budworm moth was found to be attracted to a bait made from fermenting solutions of palm sugar extract. This bait is attractive to both males and females and may provide the basis for developing a chemical lure for trapping this pest in cotton and other crops

Technical Abstract: Male tobacco budworm moths, Heliothis virescens Fab., released into a field cage were recaptured in traps baited with aged 10% jaggery, a palm sugar extract. Both male and female tobacco budworm moths were attracted to aged 10% jaggery in a flight tunnel, exhibiting oriented flights ending in contact with the bait. Although the bait was initially not attractive either to females in a flight tunnel or to males in a field cage, it subsequently became attractive after one week and increased in attractiveness up to 24 days after it was made.

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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