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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Different Sources of Root-Knot Nematode Resistance

Authors
item Robinson, Michael - MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIV
item Jenkins, Johnie
item McCarty, Jack

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 5, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The Southern Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) is a major pest on Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Acala C-225 and LA 887 are two varieties with moderate resistance. The breeding line Aub 623 has a high level of resistance. The parents of Aub 623 are Clevewilt 6-8 and a Mexican Wild accession from Jack Jones. Resistance seems to be controlled by one dominant and one additive gene. We have identified 22 race lines with varying levels of resistance. These race lines have been crossed with Clevewilt (moderate resistance), M315 (high resistance), and M8 (high susceptibility) to evaluate the genes involved. A F2 population from each cross will be evaluated. LA887, T247, and Clevewilt have similar levels of resistance and segregated similarily when crossed to M 315. On the other hand, T44 and M026 have a higher level of resistance and the F2 with M315 resulted in an average of only 5.1 and 3.7 egg masses per plant (high level of resistance), respectively. Thus, these lines seem to have different resistance genes than Clevelwilt.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
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