Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: March 3, 1997
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: There are many fungal species capable of causing infectious disease in avian species, but few that are common pathogens. Mycoses are diseases resulting from infection with fungal pathogens, whereas mycotoxicoses are diseases resulting from exposure to toxic metabolites produced by fungi. Information presented herein concerns the agents most commonly associated with avian mycoses and mycotoxicoses. Aspergillus, Candida, Dactylaria, and Microsporum are the genera responsible for the majority of mycoses. Aspergillosis is the most commonly encountered fungal disease. Diagnoses of mycoses depend upon history, clinical signs, pathology, and cultural identification. Serological and molecular methods have been applied only experimentally and are not useful for routine diagnosis. The significant causes of mycotoxicoses include aflatoxin, ochratoxin, and the trichothecenes. Identification of mycotoxins requires specialists trained to perform specific physiochemical analytical procedures.