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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Individual and Combined Effects of Moniliformin Present in Fusarium Fujikuroi Culture Material and Fumonisin Present in Fusarium Moniliforme Culture Material in Laying Hens

Authors
item Kubena, Leon
item Harvey, Roger
item Buckley, Sandra
item Rottinghaus, George - UNIV. MISSOURI-COLUMBIA

Submitted to: Poultry Science Association Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 1, 1996
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: White Leghorn laying hens (24 wk of age) were fed control diets or diets containing 50 or 100mg/kg moniliformin (M) present in Fusarium fujikuroi material, 100 or 200mg/kg fumonisin B1 (FB1) from Fusarium moniliforme culture material or a combination of 50mg M and 100mg FB1/kg for 112 days. Each treatment consisted of four replicates of six hens. Egg production was reduced by approximately 50% and egg weights and body weights were reduced in only the hens fed the diet containing 100mg M/kg. Relative weights of the heart were significantly increased in the hens fed the diet containing 100mg/kg; whereas, relative weights of the liver were reduced in hens fed diets containing 50 or 100mg M/kg or 50mg M and 100mg FB1/kg. Several changes in serum biochemical values and enzyme activities due to dietary treatment were observed. Toxic synergy between M and FB1 was not observed. Results indicate that laying hens may be able to tolerate relatively high dietary concentrations of M and FB1 without adversely affecting health and performance. The likelihood of encountering M or FB1 at these concentrations in finished feed is small. However, under field conditions, other stress factors could alter the impact of these mycotoxins on the health and performance of poultry.

Last Modified: 7/22/2014
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