Submitted to: American Chemical Society Symposium Series
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 30, 1996
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Modern agriculture has benefited from the development and use of agrochemicals including insecticides, herbicides, and veterinary drugs. In addition to these exogenous chemicals, many undesirable compounds (e.g., plant toxicants and mycotoxins) are known to occur naturally. Thus, there exists a need for monitoring residue levels in foods, other agricultural commodities, and environmental samples. Immunoassay (IA) represents an additional chemistry that is rapidly becoming available to residue analysts. This is evident by the ever increasing number of manuscripts describing individual immunoassays for detection of residues in specific matrixes. Many excellent reviews recently have been published in this field. It is not the aim of this chapter to duplicate these reviews or tabulate all known immunoassays. Such a task is beyond the scope of this chapter or even a single volume. Instead, we seek to present some of the salient features of IA and to provide the reader a general introductio to the principles, formats, and applications of IA to residue analysis, particularly to analysis of foods. Whenever possible, examples to illustrate immunoassay principles are taken from chapters in this book.