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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Barley Seed Alpha-Glucosidases Their Characteristics and Roles in Starch Degradation

Authors
item Henson, Cynthia
item Sun, Zhuotao - SCHREIER MALTING COMPANY

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 8, 1996
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The identities of enzymes involved in degradation of seed starch are well established, as are the characteristics of several of the individual enzymes. However, the interactions between the different enzymes as they function together to hydrolyze starch are not well understood. The development of a reconstituted starch hydrolyzing system using components isolated from seeds allowed the identification of an interaction between alpha-amylases and alpha-glucosidases that resulted in synergistic hydrolysis of native starch granules. The relative importance of this interaction, as well as interactions with beta-amylase and starch debranching enzyme, was influenced by whether or not the crystalline structure of starch was disrupted. Examination of these four enzymes as they function in a multistep biochemical process revealed that the importance of their independent actions, in addition to their interactions, varied depending upon the structure of the starch being hydrolyzed.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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