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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Understanding and Mitigating the Adverse Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock Production Systems

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Title: Monofluoroacetate-containing plants that are potentially toxic to livestock

Authors
item Lee, Stephen
item Cook, Daniel
item Pfister, James
item Allen, Jeremy -
item Colegate, Steven
item Riet-Correa, Franklin -
item Taylor, Charlotte -

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 11, 2014
Publication Date: July 30, 2014
Citation: Lee, S.T., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Allen, J.G., Colegate, S.M., Riet-Correa, F., Taylor, C.M. 2014. Monofluoroacetate-containing plants that are potentially toxic to livestock. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62(30):7345-7354.

Interpretive Summary: Many plants worldwide contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death in livestock. These plants are primarily found in the continents of Africa, Australia and South America where they negatively impact livestock production. This review highlights past and current research investigating: 1) the plants reported to contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death; 2) the mode of action, clinical signs, and pathology associated with poisoning by monofluoroacetate-containing plants; 3) chemical methods for the analysis of monofluoroacetate in plants; 4) the co-evolution of native flora and fauna in Western Australia with respect to monofluoroacetate-containing plants; and 5) methods to mitigate livestock losses caused by monofluoroacetate-containing plants.

Technical Abstract: Many plants worldwide contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death in livestock. These plants are primarily found in the southern continents of Africa, Australia and South America where they negatively impact livestock production. This review highlights past and current research investigating: 1) the plants reported to contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death; 2) the mode of action, clinical signs, and pathology associated with poisoning by monofluoroacetate-containing plants; 3) chemical methods for the analysis of monofluoroacetate in plants; 4) the co-evolution of native flora and fauna in Western Australia with respect to monofluoroacetate-containing plants; and 5) methods to mitigate livestock losses caused by monofluoroacetate-containing plants.

Last Modified: 12/27/2014
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