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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: FUNCTIONALIZATION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR USE IN THE POLYMER, OLEOCHEMICAL, AND LUBRICANT INDUSTRIES

Location: Bio-oils Research Unit

Title: Chemical synthesis of carbonates, esters, and acetals from soybean oil

Author
item Doll, Kenneth

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 10, 2014
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Vegetable oil is a convenient material for the production of agricultural products. Unfortunately, it does have drawbacks for some applications; one example being insufficient oxidative stability. Using chemistry, these problems can be solved. For example, the epoxidized product formed from methyl oleate oxidizes at a temperature that is 44 deg. C. higher than the starting material, and the carbonated material is even more stable. A short detail of the history of these compounds is reviewed herein, before moving on to the modern synthetic methods for production. In all, coverage ranges from epoxides, to carbonates, and also to branched ester and acetal compounds, all from vegetable oil.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
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