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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTERVENTION STRATEGIES TO CONTROL VIRAL DISEASES OF CATTLE Title: Mountain Goats (Oreamnos americanum) at the livestock/wildlife interface: A susceptible species

Authors
item Wolff, Peregrine -
item Besser, Thomas -
item Nelson, Danielle -
item Ridpath, Julia
item Munoz, Juan -
item Cox, Michael -
item Morris, Chris -
item Mcadoo, Caleb -

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 1, 2014
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Mountain goats (Oreamnos americanum) were first introduced into the East Humboldt and Ruby Mountains of Elko County, Nevada in the 1960’s. These contiguous mountain ranges are also home to introduced Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep and native mule deer and are surrounded by both public and private rangeland utilized by domestic cattle, sheep and goats. Permitted as well as astray domestics have been documented between 9,000 and 10,000 feet which are well within utilized habitat of the mountain goats. Since 2010 we have documented Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae, via real time PCR following broth enrichment from nasal swabs collected during disease surveillance from 13 adult goats as well as from a nasal swab and lung tissue from a kid that showed evidence of severe chronic-active bronchointerstitial pneumonia, acute moderate suppurative and hemorrhagic enteritis and lymphoid necrosis on necropsy. A type 1a bovine virus diarrhea virus was isolated from the spleen this kid. Pseudocowpox virus was identified by PCR and sequencing from an adult female that presented with a single ulcer on her lip. These findings suggest that interactions resulting in disease transmission occur between mountain goats and domestic ruminants and should be discouraged as part of a comprehensive approach to management of this species.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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