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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ADAPTING SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF A CHANGING CLIMATE

Location: Great Plains Agroclimate and Natural Resources Research Unit

Title: Report on the project future climate of the Little River watershed, GA

Authors
item Garbrecht, Jurgen
item Bosch, David
item Busteed, Phillip

Submitted to: Grazinglands Research Laboratory Miscellaneous Publication
Publication Type: Research Notes
Publication Acceptance Date: June 12, 2013
Publication Date: June 12, 2013
Citation: Garbrecht, J.D., Bosch, D.D., Busteed, P.R. 2013. Report on the project future climate of the Little River watershed, GA. Grazinglands Research Laboratory Miscellaneous Publication. Available: http://iapreview.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=62-18-05-20.

Interpretive Summary: This report is one of several reports that provide technical information on projected climate change at selected ARS experimental watersheds across the continental United States and for three greenhouse gas emission scenarios. The climate change information in this report is for the USDA, ARS Little River Experimental Watershed, Georgia, and serves as the basis for making inferences about potential impacts of climate change on the hydrology, natural resources, and agricultural productivity of the region represented by the Little River Experimental Watershed. Based on historical (observed) climate data and climate projections, annual precipitation of the Little River Experimental Watershed was not expected to change much over the 21st century for the high, middle, and low greenhouse gas emission scenarios studied. Most trends in projected monthly precipitation were not statistically significant. Annual air temperature of the watershed was expected to increase for the three emission scenarios. Average trend of annual air temperature over the 2011-2100 time period was 0.15, 0.32 and 0.41 [oC/dc] for the low, middle, and high emission scenarios, respectively. All trends of projected monthly temperature for time periods 2011-2070 and 2011-2100 were statistically significant. Projected air temperature increases were higher during May through October (warm months of the year) than during the other months (cool months of the year). Overall, climate change in south-central Georgia over the 21st century is anticipated to be primarily in the form of a rise in air temperature for all calendar months with a hint of a slight increase in total annual precipitation mostly due to an increase in precipitation for June through December.

Technical Abstract: This report is one of several reports that provide technical information on projected climate change at selected ARS experimental watersheds across the continental United States and for three greenhouse gas emission scenarios. The report is an attachment to the main report of the multi-location project titled “Estimating impacts of projected climate change on regional water availability and quality, across diverse physiographic regions in the United States, and their associated implications for conservation needs and agricultural productivity”. The projected climate change information in this report is for the USDA, ARS Little River Experimental Watershed, Georgia, and serves as the basis for making inferences about potential impacts of climate change on the hydrology, natural resources, and agricultural productivity of the region represented by the Little River Experimental Watershed. Based on historical (observed) climate data and climate projections, annual precipitation of the Little River Experimental Watershed was not expected to change much over the 21st century for the high, middle, and low greenhouse gas emission scenarios studied. Most trends in projected monthly precipitation were not statistically significant. With regard to the precipitation distribution within a year, a statistically significant 90-year (2011-2100) wet trend in projected seasonal precipitation was identified for the months of June through December for all three emission scenarios. Annual air temperature of the watershed was expected to increase for the three emission scenarios. Average trend of annual air temperature over the 2011-2100 time period was 0.15, 0.320 and 0.41 [oC/dc] for the low, middle, and high emission scenarios, respectively. All trends of projected monthly temperature for time periods 2011-2070 and 2011-2100 were statistically significant. The trend for projected monthly air temperature ranged from 0.10 to 0.25 [oC/dc], from 0.16 to 0.43 [oC/dc], and from 0.24 to 0.51 [oC/dc] for the low, middle and high emission scenarios, respectively. Projected air temperature increases were higher during May through October (warm months of the year) than during the other months (cool months of the year). Overall, climate change in south-central Georgia over the 21st century is anticipated to be primarily in the form of a rise in air temperature for all calendar months with a hint of a slight increase in total annual precipitation. A statistically significant increase in seasonal precipitation (June through December) was present.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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