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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Alternatives to Methyl Bromide: Mitigation of the Threat from Exotic Tropical and Subtropical Insect Pests

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Comparison of 7 essential oils identifies cubeb oil as an improved attractant for redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)

Authors
item Kendra, Paul
item Montgomery, Wayne
item Niogret, Jerome
item Schnell, Elena
item Deyrup, Mark -
item Epsky, Nancy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 28, 2013
Publication Date: November 13, 2013
Citation: Kendra, P.E., Montgomery, W.S., Niogret, J., Schnell, E.Q., Deyrup, M.A., Epsky, N.D. 2013. Comparison of 7 essential oils identifies cubeb oil as an improved attractant for redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Meeting Abstract. 1st Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, in Austin, Texas, November 10-13, 2013.

Technical Abstract: The redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, is an exotic wood-borer that vectors the fungal agent (Raffaelea lauricola) responsible for laurel wilt disease. Since its introduction into Georgia in 2002, X. glabratus has spread throughout the southeastern USA, and laurel wilt has decimated large populations of native Persea trees, particularly redbay (P. borbonia) and swampbay (P. palustris). Currently, the lethal vascular disease threatens avocado (P. americana) in south Florida. To control the spread of laurel wilt, effective attractants are needed for early detection of the vector. Phoebe oil lures are the best known attractant for X. glabratus, but they are no longer available. Current detection systems use commercial manuka oil lures, but our research indicated that manuka lures have a field life of 2-3 weeks in Florida. Therefore, we evaluated seven essential oils as attractants for X. glabratus. Several field tests were conducted in Florida to compare efficacy of manuka, phoebe, cubeb, ginger root, angelica seed, tea tree, and orange oils (all as whole oil preparations in membrane-based dispensers). Tea tree and orange oils were not attractive; ginger and angelica oils were intermediate in attraction; and cubeb oil was just as attractive as fresh manuka and phoebe oils. Subsequent tests with commercial formulations indicated that cubeb lures enriched in sesquiterpenes captured significantly more X. glabratus than manuka lures, were better for early detection at low population densities, and had increased longevity (at least 8 wk). Based on these results, cubeb lures are now recommended for improved detection of X. glabratus.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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