|Birthisel, Tim -|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 23, 2013
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Developing proper formulations is important for commercialization of biological insecticides based on microbial pathogens of insects. This book chapter reviews the important biological and physical considerations of formulation research as they relate to the practical development of biopesticides. This chapter contributes unique information to the book by providing a synopsis of current formulation research covering important insect pathogens including fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes.
Technical Abstract: Developing a proper formulation is a necessary component for commercialization of entomopathogenic microbes as biological insecticides. The objective of this chapter is to present broad-ranging information about formulations to foster research toward developing commercial microbial-based insecticides. There are numerous combinations of pathogens, ingredients, processes, formulation types and application environments to consider for potential commercial biopesticides. Suitable combinations can be identified by a thorough understanding of the entire system beginning with the microbe through various manufacturing processes to the application environment. Key factors can then be addressed by applying specific formulation technologies. Formulation research generally focuses on biological (viability, efficacy, etc.) and physical (form, mixing, application, etc.) aspects of potential biopesticide products. Formulation scientists also need to consider how processes and ingredients impact worker safety, manufacture hazards, and product registration. Such is the breadth of information presented in this chapter.