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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONSERVATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND EVALUATION OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION

Location: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit

Title: Oil, fatty acid, flavonoid, and resveratrol content variability in FAD2A functional SNP genotypes in the U.S. peanut mini-core collection

Authors
item WANG, MING
item Chen, Charles -
item TONNIS, BRANDON
item BARKLEY, NOELLE
item PINNOW, DAVID
item Pittman, Roy
item Davis, Jerry -
item HOLBROOK, C
item Stalker, H. Thomas -
item PEDERSON, GARY

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 4, 2013
Publication Date: March 5, 2013
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/58754
Citation: Wang, M.L., Chen, C.Y., Tonnis, B.D., Barkley, N.L., Pinnow, D.L., Pittman, R.N., Davis, J., Holbrook Jr, C.C., Stalker, H., Pederson, G.A. 2013. Oil, fatty acid, flavonoid, and resveratrol content variability in FAD2A functional SNP genotypes in the U.S. peanut mini-core collection. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 61:2875-2882.

Interpretive Summary: Peanut seeds contain high amounts of oil and protein as well as some useful bioactive phytochemicals which can contribute to human health. The U.S. peanut mini-core collection is an important genetic resource for improving seed quality and developing new cultivars. Variability of seed chemical composition within the mini-core was assessed from freshly harvested seeds of 102 accessions in a replicated field study over two years. Oil, fatty acid composition, flavonoid, and resveratrol content were quantified by NMR, GC, and HPLC, respectively. Significant variability was detected in seed chemical composition among accessions and botanical varieties. Accessions were further genotyped with a functional SNP marker from the FAD2A gene using real-time PCR and classified into three genotypes with significantly different oleic acid / linoleic acid ratios. The results from real-time PCR genotyping and GC fatty acid analysis were consistent. Accessions with high amounts of oil, quercetin, high seed weight, and O/L ratio were identified. The results from this study may be useful not only for peanut breeders, food processors, and product consumers to select suitable accessions or cultivars, but also to potentially expand the mini-core collection variability to include a better representation of the peanut genetic resources.

Technical Abstract: Peanut seeds contain high amounts of oil and protein as well as some useful bioactive phytochemicals which can contribute to human health. The U.S. peanut mini-core collection is an important genetic resource for improving seed quality and developing new cultivars. Variability of seed chemical composition within the mini-core was assessed from freshly harvested seeds of 102 accessions in a replicated field study over two years. Oil, fatty acid composition, flavonoid, and resveratrol content were quantified by NMR, GC, and HPLC, respectively. Significant variability was detected in seed chemical composition among accessions and botanical varieties. Accessions were further genotyped with a functional SNP marker from the FAD2A gene using real-time PCR and classified into three genotypes with significantly different O/L ratios: wild type (G/G with a low O/L ratio <1.7), heterozygote (G/A with O/L ratio >1.4 but <1.7), and mutant (A/A with a high O/L ratio >1.7). The results from real-time PCR genotyping and GC fatty acid analysis were consistent. Accessions with high amounts of oil, quercetin, high seed weight, and O/L ratio were identified. The results from this study may be useful not only for peanut breeders, food processors, and product consumers to select suitable accessions or cultivars, but also to potentially expand the mini-core collection variability to include a better representation of the peanut genetic resources.

Last Modified: 9/29/2014
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