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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: OBESITY PREVENTION IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA REGION OF MISSISSIPPI Title: African American community members sustain favorable blood pressure outcomes through 12-month telephone motivational interviewing (MI) maintenance

Authors
item Landry, Alicia -
item Thomson, Jessica
item Zoellner, Jamie -
item Connell, Carol -
item Madson, Michael -
item Yadrick, Kathleen -

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 13, 2013
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Community approaches offer promise for addressing disparities experienced by African Americans in hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control. HUB City Steps, a community-based participatory research lifestyle intervention, tracked participants through a 12-month MI maintenance phase following a 6-month intervention targeting physical activity and adoption of a healthier, culturally congruent diet, in which all participants received MI, social support, pedometer diary self-monitoring, and five education sessions. This analysis explored whether 18-month health outcome changes differed between those randomized to a maintenance group with a low (i.e., quarterly; n=134) vs. high (i.e., monthly; n=135) dose of MI telephone calls. Because there were no significant differences between groups, outcome changes were assessed with all participants combined. Significant improvements were apparent for blood pressure, body composition, and fitness measures. Results suggest a low dose of MI is as effective as a high dose of MI to sustain health improvements resulting from a lifestyle intervention. Funding source: National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities, R24MD002787.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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