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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: COTTON DISEASE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE COTTON PRODUCTION

Location: Insect Control and Cotton Disease Research Unit

Title: Modes of microbial resistance mechanisms to the antibiotic and phytotoxic fusaric acid

Authors
item Crutcher, Frankie
item Liu, Jinggao
item Stipanovic, Robert
item Puckhaber, Lorraine
item Bell, Alois
item Nichols, Robert -

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 13, 2012
Publication Date: July 6, 2013
Citation: Crutcher, F.K., Liu, J., Stipanovic, R.D., Puckhaber, L.S., Bell, A.A., Nichols, R.L. 2013. Modes of microbial resistance mechanisms to the antibiotic and phytotoxic fusaric acid. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Cotton Conferences, January 7-10, 2013, San Antonio, Texas. p. 146.

Technical Abstract: Fusaric acid (FA), a highly phytotoxic compound produced by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum, has been suggested to be associated with the severe symptoms of root rot, damping-off, and vascular wilting on cotton. In response to a potential threat on cotton production by the introduction of high FA producing strains from Australia, new sources for resistance are being pursued. Many soil microbes show resistance to a number of toxic compounds through the use of two mechanisms, active transport and metabolite degradation. To address this as a possible source for FA resistance, several microorganisms, including those identified by selection from Fusarium infested soils, were screened using an antibiotic disk assay. A number of resistant isolates of bacteria and fungi identified from this screen were evaluated by HPLC for their ability to alter FA to produce less toxic derivatives. Four derivatives were detected in this analysis and one has been identified as a compound previously shown to have less phytotoxicity than FA.

Last Modified: 8/29/2014
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