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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONSERVATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND EVALUATION OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION

Location: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit

Title: Genetic variation in yield and chemical composition of wide range of sorghum accessions grown in north-west China

Authors
item Wang, Ji Shi -
item Wang, Ming
item Spiertz, J.H.J -
item Liu, Zu Xin -
item Han, Li Pu -
item Xie, Guang Hui -

Submitted to: Research on Crops (an International Journal)
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2012
Publication Date: March 11, 2013
Citation: Wang, J., Wang, M.L., Spiertz, J., Liu, Z., Han, L., Xie, G. 2013. Genetic variation in yield and chemical composition of wide range of sorghum accessions grown in north-west China. Research on Crops (an International Journal). 14(1):95-105.

Interpretive Summary: Interpretive Summary: Sorghum can be grown on marginal and waste lands as a versatile feedstock for biofuel production in the vast areas of Northwest China. Fifty-six sorghum accessions were grown in 2009 at the experiment station of Xinjiang Agricultural University, located at Urumchi, Xinjiang, China. A total of thirty-one agronomic, crop descriptors, and chemical composition traits were investigated and analyzed. Among these accessions, significant variability was identified in grain yield (0.2 - 11.4 t ha-1), stem weight (2.1 - 21.8 t ha-1), and total biomass (13.8 - 34.4 t ha-1) with an average of 6.5 t ha-1, 8.6 t ha-1, and 22.6 t ha-1, respectively. Significant differences in chemical composition (including soluble sugar, starch, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin) of grain, leaf blade, leaf sheath, and stem were identified. The stems of sweet sorghum contained a significantly higher amount of sugars and lower amounts of cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin than in other two sorghum types. Cluster and principal component analyses classified these 56 accessions into two main groups. Accessions: X041, X125, and X057 were identified as good parental materials for breeding high yield cultivars of grain, sweet, and biomass sorghum, respectively.

Technical Abstract: Technical Abstract: Sorghum can be grown on marginal and waste lands as a versatile feedstock for biofuel production in the vast areas of Northwest China. Fifty-six sorghum accessions were grown in 2009 at the experiment station of Xinjiang Agricultural University, located at Urumchi, Xinjiang, China. A total of thirty-one agronomic, crop descriptors, and chemical composition traits were investigated and analyzed. Among these accessions, significant variability was identified in grain yield (0.2 - 11.4 t ha-1), stem weight (2.1 - 21.8 t ha-1), and total biomass (13.8 - 34.4 t ha-1) with an average of 6.5 t ha-1, 8.6 t ha-1, and 22.6 t ha-1, respectively. Significant differences in chemical composition (including soluble sugar, starch, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin) of grain, leaf blade, leaf sheath, and stem were identified. The stems of sweet sorghum contained a significantly higher amount of sugars and lower amounts of cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin than in other two sorghum types. Highly significant correlations were detected among the investigated traits. Cluster and principal component analyses classified these 56 accessions into two main groups. Accessions: X041, X125, and X057 were identified as good parental materials for breeding high yield cultivars of grain, sweet, and biomass sorghum, respectively. In order to reconfirm and identify useful breeding materials for this arid region, further experimental research needs to be conducted.

Last Modified: 4/15/2014
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