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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Alternatives to methyl bromide soil fumigation for vegetable and floriculture production

Location: Subtropical Plant Pathology Research

Title: Susceptibility of several floriculture crops to three common species of Meloidogyne in Florida.

Authors
item Burelle, Nancy
item Rosskopf, Erin

Submitted to: Nematropica
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2012
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: The susceptibility of several commonly grown floral crops to three important species of root-knot nematode was determined in greenhouse trials. Cockscomb, snapdragon, and sunflower were all highly susceptible to all three root-knot nematode species tested. Larkspur was only tested for susceptibility to two nematode species but was consistently less susceptible to those species (Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica) than the other floral crops tested.

Technical Abstract: The loss of several fumigants effective in controlling nematodes in production of field grown floriculture crops has made determining the relative susceptibility of these crops to the primary species of root-knot nematodes important. Greenhouse experiments were performed to assess the susceptibility of several important floriculture crops grown in Florida to the three most common species of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita, and M. javanica. Nematode galling and reproduction were evaluated for Celosia argentea, Delphinium elatum, Antirrhinum latifolium, and Helianthus annuus, and were compared to the susceptible host Solanum lycopersicum (‘Rutgers’, tomato). Most flower species tested were highly susceptible to all three species of root-knot nematodes included in these trials. Delphinium was not tested for susceptibity to M. arenaria but was consistently less susceptible to M. incognita and M. javanica than the other floral crops tested for those nematode species.

Last Modified: 8/21/2014
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