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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MINING THE GENOME OF RHIPICEPHALUS MICROPLUS TO DEVELOP NOVEL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY AND VACCINES

Location: Tick and Biting Fly Research

Title: Therapeutic and residual efficacy of a pour-on formulation of Novaluron against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari:Ixodidae) on infested cattle

Authors
item Lohmeyer, Kimberly
item Davey, Ronald
item Pound, Joe

Submitted to: Journal of Entomological Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 22, 2012
Publication Date: July 1, 2012
Citation: Lohmeyer, K.H., Davey, R.B., Pound, J.M. 2012. Therapeutic and residual efficacy of a pour-on formulation of Novaluron against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari:Ixodidae) on infested cattle. Journal of Entomological Science. 47(3):238-246.

Interpretive Summary: The effectiveness of a pour-on formulation of novaluron, a novel acaricide was evaluated by applying low and high concentrations to cattle infested with adult, nymphal, and larval southern cattle fever ticks. Reduction in the number of females that reached repletion following treatment was 24.8 and 24.6% for the low and high rates, respectively. No difference in the weight of engorged females recovered from treated calves or in their reproductive capacity was observed for either rate in comparison with the untreated control, and no significant difference in the overall therapeutic level of control was observed between the low and the high rates. Results obtained from the analysis of residual efficacy of both rates showed no significant differences between the treatments at weekly intervals. However, the moderate reduction in reproductive capacity of ticks that were put on treated cattle as larvae indicates that novaluron appears to be more effective against larvae that come into contact with cattle after treatment than against adults or nymphs already infesting the animal at the time of treatment. The potential for use of the tested rates of pour-on novaluron in the USDAAPHIS-Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program is discussed.

Technical Abstract: The effectiveness of a pour-on formulation of novaluron (Novatack Pour-on 5% AI), a benzoylphenyl urea acaricide, was evaluated by applying low and high rates (1 mg/20 kg body weight and 1 mg/10 kg body weight) to cattle infested with all parasitic developmental stages (adults, nymphs, and larvae) of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini). The therapeutic percentage reduction in the number of females that reached repletion following treatment was 24.8 and 24.6% for the low and high rates, respectively. No difference in the weight of engorged females recovered from treated calves or in the index of fecundity (IF) was observed for either rate in comparison with the untreated control, and no significant difference in the overall therapeutic level of control was observed between the low and the high rates. Results obtained from the analysis of persistent (residual) efficacy of both rates showed no significant differences between the treatments at weekly intervals. However the percent control of the IF observed against larvae infested one and two weeks after treatment for both rates is moderate indicating that novaluron appears to be more effective against larvae that come into contact with cattle after treatment than against adults or nymphs already infesting the animal at the time of treatment. The potential for use of the tested rates of pour-on novaluron in the USDA-APHIS- Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program is discussed.

Last Modified: 4/19/2014
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